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爱迪生发明了电灯泡 其实他只是收购了专利

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编辑: 1   作者: 奇趣发现   时间: 2018/10/24 15:54:38  

世界上第一个电灯泡是谁发明的? 受教科书和儿童书影响,多数人会毫不犹豫的回答,Thomas Edison(爱迪生),但这个答案其实是错的?

英国人Joseph Wilson Swan 比爱迪生更早开始研究电灯,也成功申请了相关专利。

有网友表示,Swan 后来把专利卖给爱迪生,爱迪生的角色只是在拥有专利后,叫底下的人做改良而已。

此外,爱迪生根本不如想象中的伟大,他相当小心眼,天才科学家Nikola Tesla 遭到打压正是最好的例子,为什么这种软烂惯老板,可以被洗成儿童书里面的伟人?

事实上,爱迪生没有发明第一个电灯泡,在他之前就有不少发明者提出设计方案,但离商业应用还有一段距离,更有寿命短暂、生产费用过高的缺点。

爱迪生在这些基础之上,借着商业手腕和官司诉讼陆续购买了专利,成功制造了能实际应用于商业的白炽灯。

不过对于爱迪生的批评一直没有少过,他靠着2000多项发明和1500多项专利被称为“发明大王”,不过他的成功是站在提供资金和实验室,绝大多数的发明都是底下科学家的杰作。

上图为天才科学家Nikola Tesla

世人熟知,爱迪生与天才科学家Nikola Tesla 有着一段恩怨情仇。

Tesla 曾是爱迪生公司的职员,他成功发明出“交流电”,他向爱迪生保证这才是人类的未来。

但爱迪生花了大笔资金投资“直流电”,坚持己见拒绝了Tesla 的发明。

Tesla 之后愤而出走,而爱迪生为了打压交流电,用交流电电死流浪狗,在世人面前制造交流电很危险的印象,更以“科学异端”为名进行迫害。

爱迪生是相当成功的商人,也确实改变了人类科技的演进,但成功的背后,代表着无数勾心斗角的黑暗手腕,深深影响了对他的历史评价。